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华为照相手机思维开始变革,以三焦段取代黑白双摄的 Mate20 动手玩

华为自开始携手徕卡在手机的相机进行合作,在相机的表现似乎像是吃了大补丸一样有相当显着的提升,除了由徕卡协助调教的相机色彩以外,透过彩色搭配黑白的双镜头展现惊人的夜拍表现,并以 AI 辅助方案依照情境自动进行照片处理,而在今年上半年所推出的 P20 Pro,凭藉 1/1.7 寸主相机元件,呈现惊人的照片品质,但下半年所推出的 Mate20 系列却舍弃了黑白元件,改以三重焦段做为配置。

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对于华为的定义, P 系列强调的是美型,而 Mate 则是做为新技术与想法的展现以及实践,华为 Mate20 有着类似 P20 、但又有些不相同的外型设计,此次 Mate20 取消 P20 系列以相机作为机身背面视觉的特色,将三个镜头与闪光灯共四个圆型,以 2 x 2 的方式配置在机身中央,华为甚至指称相机的配置是源自保时捷的 LED 矩阵头灯。

 

Mate 20 的机背虽是玻璃,不过使用光学结构纹处理,使玻璃在维持透亮的同时还能降低沾染指纹,不过笔者实际使用则发现一但手指油污较多还是会沾上,但用手指擦拭即可恢复光亮,不会像一般玻璃可能用擦拭布还会多少留有指纹油污,另外由于 Mate 20 不再如 P20 系列想营造机背视觉上的相机风格,徕卡字体不再如 P20 系列一样横书。

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虽然 Mate20 与 Mate20 Pro 都是 6 寸左右,不过此次测试的 Mate20 的 6.53 寸屏幕为 2.5D 处理,并为 LCD 面板,而 Mate20 Pro 的 6.39 寸屏幕为双曲面 OLED 面板,以至于 Mate20 机身显然更宽,同时 Mate20 在未搭载结构光的情况下,采用水滴屏/美人尖设计,可在界面中将两边改以黑色藉此隐藏突兀之处。

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在其他设计特色方面, Mate20 的开关有一圈红色作为点缀,并且应该是当前高端机种当中还少数保有 3.5mm 耳机孔的,另外, Mate 20 的卡槽较为特殊,除了搭配双 SIM 卡外,若要扩充记忆卡增加储存空间,需要额外添购华为倡导的 NM 卡,但当前 NM 卡价格较高, Mate 20 也内建有 128GB 储存,是否需要添购就见仁见智了。

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此外, Mate20 并未搭载 Qi 无线充电,但仍保有基于 USB Type-C 界面的 40W 快速充电,辅以 4,000mAh 电池,能够保有不错的续航力与充电速度,另外防水层级为 IP53 的生活防水,同时不像 Mate 20 Pro 采用屏下指纹识别,故机身后方还有指纹识别器的设计。

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回到硬件配置, Mate 20 搭载华为海思全新的 Kirin 980 ,采用 Arm 的 DynamIQ 技术构成核心配置,以 2+2+4 三组异构核心构成 Cluster ,由两颗 2.6GHz 的 Cortex-A76 作为性能核,两颗 1.9GHz 的 Cortex-A76 处理中高负载,并以四颗 1.8GHz 的 Cortex-A55 作为节能核,搭配的 GPU 为 Arm Mali-G76 。 

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值得注意的是华为强调 Kirin 980 搭配改版的双核 NPU ,也就是机器学习引擎,做为拍照与录影的 AI 影像识别与处理之用,透过预先培训的 AI 模型,可提供更迅速且复杂的物件识别与场景识别,另外能在录影时进行人像留色等特色。

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界面设计基本上就是维持华为一贯的风格,将所有 app 配置在桌面,另外也具备针对游戏内容的 GPU Boost 最佳化技术,不过对不碰手游的笔者就难以体会其效益,虽说 GPU Boost 对于效能测试是较为负面的,毕竟是在执行项目设法跳过一般的模式执行,但以体验来说若因此提升游戏的顺畅又可省电,这样的技术也没甚麽不好的就是。

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相机配置部分, Mate20 不再如前几年采用彩色搭配黑白的双相机组合,而是以标准、等效 2 倍与 0.6 倍超广角的三镜头构成,并辅以更先进的 AI ;不过毕竟产品定位还是进行了差异化, Mate 20 与更高端的 Mate20 Pro 最核心的主相机元件仍不同,为 12MP f1.8 元件而非大尺寸的 40MP f1.8 元件,不过可理解华为想在这两款机型创造差异化的想法。

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(照片为 P20 Pro )

今年上半年使用 P20 Pro 的时候,对其广角相机的影像细腻度与色彩表现留下深刻的印象,虽说有着较为鲜艳的色调,但对于要放在网络分享的前提,这样的照片是符合大众喜好的,另一个就是在夜拍时透过多张高速拍摄合成的手持夜拍模式,透过两颗镜头撷取的大量照片资讯进行叠合,一方面减少杂讯,亦可在没有脚架、稳定器的前题拍出清晰的夜拍照片。

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那...少了黑白元件的 Mate20 呢? Mate20 的手持夜拍就回归单纯以单镜头的多张合成方式,这样的技术在当前已经相当普及,毕竟高通也有类似的授权方案供合作客户导入,已有几家手机品牌陆续引进多张合成做为手持夜景的拍摄机制,差异就只在影像后处理的方式。

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不得不说,虽然 Mate 20 手持多张合成夜拍仍较单纯拉高 ISO 拍摄影像优秀很多,且基本上只要握持够稳都能顺利成像,但是少了黑白元件捕捉细部资讯,整体的表现仍较先前使用彩色加上黑白来的弱一些,只是单纯回到网络照片分享的角度都还是够用的,但就是有一种相对之下的失落感。

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但据称 Mate20 系列若是搭配脚架,则可进行更长时间的曝光,只是笔者并没有出游携带脚架的习惯,故多以手持完成夜景拍摄。少了黑白元件,换来全新的超广角焦段,对于拍照构图也有另一种感受,毕竟超广角的魅力对于拍摄大景、室内空间等有难以取代的价值,且 Mate20 的超广角影像品质较许多平价双镜头机种在变型抑制、抗曜光、细节等都好了许多。

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不过这颗 0.6 倍的超广角在同样的环境(尤其是偏昏暗)之下,自动曝光会比标准镜头再暗一些,另外标准切换到两倍焦段很快,但从两倍切换到超广角会需要些许的时间,比起另外两颗镜头切换慢的原因也不知道为什麽,不过就是需要耐心等个几秒才会正式切换到超广角。

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至于全新的 AI 功能在场景的判读较 P20 更快,且情境种类也更多,只是有时似乎有点矫枉过正,例如笔者在镰仓鹤冈八藩宫拍照时,只是在取景范围当中有一小块建筑, AI 马上跳出"古建筑"的判断,并将色调调整为对比较浅的风格,虽拍摄古建筑相当合适,但笔者想强调的其实是画面中的植物,如此一来绿色与红叶就稍显不够艳丽。

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在具更大感光元件、且功能更丰富还支持无线充电的 Mate 20 Pro 的强势功能之下, Mate 20 相对容易被忽略,不过除了具备同等级的基础效能之外,藉由与徕卡合作的相机色调与双 NPU 的 AI 拍照功能,对于想轻松拍出好照片的玩家也是不错的机种,不过机背的矩阵排列镜头设计就见仁见智了,至少相对之下笔者是更喜欢 P20 的直列配置就是。

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