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从零开始为求街拍极致, Ricoh GR III 原型机快速动手玩

Ricoh Image 在 2015 年推出 GR II 之后,已经许久未有 GR 系列的消息,不过市场上一直有各类传闻指出 GR 将重出江湖,在今年秋季, Ricoh Image 正式宣布 GR III 的到来,一方面鼓舞了 GR 的死忠粉丝,然而维持 APS-C 片幅的设计却也让不少对规格有所执着的玩家不满。

稍早台湾 Ricoh Image 与 Pentax 总代理富堃邀请到 GR 开发者访台,针对 GR III 设计理念分享,同时也带来当前的试作原型机供动手操作,不过由于日本人对于原型机的要求较严谨,且同时原型机仍旧是作为吸取意见在有限度的情况下持续调整之用,仅能提供操作而无法插卡拍照。

稍晚当日的 GR III 设计师理念访谈将会另行整理成一篇独立内容:请点此

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GR III 维持 GR 家族由底片进入数字之后的黑色磨砂处理外型,乍看下与 GR II 近似,不过实质上已经是一台从 0 开始开发的全新机种,从机身的设计、光学元件、操作模式等特性进行重新设计,但是对于 GR 数字机的使用者,仍可在一握持就感受到 GR 家族以追求极致街拍的紧凑感。

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较笔者个人手中的 GR 纪念机(照片墨绿色)进行直接对比, GR III 显然在宽度更为紧致,甚至比起 1996 年的 GR1 更小巧一些,机身尺寸与 GRD 家族更为接近,不过受限感光元件与光学所需的先天限制, GR III 厚度仍与 GR 相仿。

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同时 GR III 的光学设计已经重新设计,采用更简化的 4 群 6 片结构,与 GR 、 GR II 的 5 群 7 片完全不同,伸出镜头的长度也略短,也由于镜片群重量减轻 GR III 带来更快的对焦速度,此外光是一般对焦模式已经达到 GR 、 GR II 超近拍模式的 10 厘米水准,超近拍模式甚至可达 6 厘米,大幅提升创作的实用性。

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虽然 GR III 维持 GR 可搭配镜头环套件进行扩充的特色,然而 GR III 的光学设计与 GR 、 GR II 完全不同,故考虑 GR III 的转换与搭配,使用不同的套环口径设计,与 GR 先前的套环完全不兼容,也可避免消费者硬套用 GR 的配件导致光学不兼容的情况。

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此外, GR III 此用全新世代的 24MP APS-C 无低通元件,未采用 35mm 全片幅元件的关键是在于要维持 GR III 的紧凑口袋尺寸,若使用 35mm 片幅元件则会由于元件、光学原因使机身无法维持尺寸。

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虽未能使用 35mm 全片幅元件,除了这张全新的 24MP 元件具备焦平面相位对焦外,也提升高 ISO 可用度,更重要的是导入 Pentax 专利的 SR 元件防振技术,以及防摩尔纹模式、 DR II 超声波除尘模式,不过机身却未因此变大,在机身的结构工程也延续 Ricoh 与 Pentax 双方对于紧凑的极限。

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在机身的操作结构 GR III 也进行刷新,机顶的部分取消内建闪光灯,但保有热靴,毕竟以 GR III 的设计定位,在提升高 ISO 之后,可在昏暗的环境中以高 ISO 的方式创作,对于闪光灯的需求也会因此下降,更何况不少 GR 创作者在接拍的过程鲜少使用闪灯,藉此使机身更为紧凑也是可理解。

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案件布局部分, GR III 也作出调整,保有前转盘、长方形快门、模式转盘锁定器等设计,后方按键除了因应机身缩小整体往右外,方十字键左上的 AEL-AFL 与 C-AF 转盘,换成面积较小的 Fn 按键,此外十字键外圈也加入后转盘的设计,使其成为双转盘,同时拇指区的曝光键也被取消,现在则需透过 ADJ播杆或后转盘。

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同时,机身侧面少了闪灯键的同时,侧边的快捷键由原本的预设风格模式改为无线传输的开关,但仍可在设定中进行客制化定义,依照笔者个人习惯应该会改为习惯的摄影风格。

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操作体验部分,此次 GR III 仍维持熟悉的操作方式,不过曝光值快捷键被取消,常用曝光值调整的玩家可能要自己调整一下按键配置,但值得注意的是此次采用触控屏幕,可更快速的用于选择焦点,或是给予不熟悉相机操作的朋友可开启类似智能手机的指控拍照。

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(近拍模式进化到 6 厘米,实际最近拍摄的近物大小如上图)

对焦速度方面,受惠于混合对焦系统与更轻盈的镜头,最大的提升点不在于一般光线良好环境的对焦速度,而是在较复杂的环境的合焦时间被缩短,此外对焦距离缩减到 6 厘米,对于喜欢拍摄浅景或是小物的玩家也有更好的拍摄弹性。

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简单的结论, GR III 在追求紧凑机身与高影像品质的前提下,翻新了光学引擎与整体的机身设计,带来更好的对焦性能与近拍能力,同时因应全新世代的操作习惯,仍以打造单手最好的操作感作为理念加入触控。

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GR III 预计在 2019 年春季上市,当前预估的价格约 1,000 欧元,推估应该正式价格会落在台币三万元附近。

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